As the owner, it is ultimately your responsibility to provide a healthy environment so that your pig may flourish and grow. A keen understanding of good husbandry practices, basic infectious disease prevention, swine diseases and conditions specific to your pig and your farm are critical to the success of your project. This document is only meant to be a starting point for your farm health plan. You should also establish a relationship with a veterinarian to assist with a protocol specific to your farm.
Off-Label use of antibiotics, dewormers and other treatments is strictly prohibited in food animals. These rules are set in place to protect the consumer and our food supply. Be sure to check all medication labels and comply with labeled use, dose and withdrawal times.
Our doctors commonly diagnose sarcoptic mange, demodectic mange and intestinal parasites in pigs. We recommend treating pigs with ivermectin 1% at 1 cc per 75 lbs subcutaneously. Fecals may be examined to determine if other dewormers are needed.
Vaccines are available for over 25 diseases in swine. Most swine vaccines are only available in large herd-size quantities, such as a 250-dose bottle. Ideally, pigs should be vaccinated by the breeder and prior to purchase or moving. It is critical that you discuss specific risks and needs with your veterinarian to customize a vaccination protocol for your farm.
At a minimum, all show pigs should be vaccinated for:
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (Diamond Skin Disease) – A killed bacterin is recommended. Initial dose at 8 to 12 weeks of age. Booster 4 weeks after initial dose. This should be boostered 6 weeks prior to the fair.
Swine Influenza (H1N1, H1N2, H3N2) – Initial dose at 6 weeks of age. Booster 3 weeks after the initial dose. Do not vaccinate for 21 days prior to slaughter.